Lipid (脂質)

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Characteristics of nutrients

  • The highest calorie among the three major nutrients
  • It is becoming the energy source for moving the body
  • It has become a material of the body’s cell membrane and hormones
  • It helps absorption of fat soluble vitamins

 

Function of nutrients

  • Cell membranes, nerve tissues, components of nucleic acids
  • Helps to absorb fat-soluble vitamins

When nutrients are deficient

  • Get tired easily,too skinny,physical strength declines
  • Vessels and cell membranes weaken
  • Possibility of cerebral hemorrhage
  • The absorption of fat-soluble vitamins (A, D, E, K) deteriorates

When nutrients overdose

  • obesity
  • Diabetes, arteriosclerosis, colorectal cancer, prostate cancer
  • Causes of lifestyle-related diseases such as dyslipidemia (hyperlipemia)

Food that contains a lot of Lipid

Foodstuff Ingredient per 100g (g)
Rape oil 100
Lard 100
Olive oil 100
chili oil 99.8
beef tallow 99.8
Margarine (for home) soft type 83.1
Salted butter 81.0
Pork loin (fat) 78.3
Beef rib loin (fat) 78.0
Macadamia nuts (roasted) 76.7
Mayonnaise (whole egg) 76.0
bottom round (fat) 75.4

Summary

  • There is no shortage if you eat a normal meal
  • There is a possibility of deficiency due to dietary restriction
  • It is used for energy, cell membranes, hormones, etc in the body
  • It is stored as body fat
  • Body fat = used as energy when energy shortage
  • It is difficult to absorb fat-soluble vitamins
  • A type of fatty acid (linoleic acid or α-linolenic acid) can not be made in the body
  • Be careful of taking too much of “invisible oil” contained in sweets, meat, fish etc