Lipid (脂質)

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Characteristics of nutrients

  • The highest calorie among the three major nutrients
  • It is becoming the energy source for moving the body
  • It has become a material of the body’s cell membrane and hormones
  • It helps absorption of fat soluble vitamins

 

Function of nutrients

  • Cell membranes, nerve tissues, components of nucleic acids
  • Helps to absorb fat-soluble vitamins

 

 

When nutrients are deficient

  • Get tired easily,too skinny,physical strength declines
  • Vessels and cell membranes weaken
  • Possibility of cerebral hemorrhage
  • The absorption of fat-soluble vitamins (A, D, E, K) deteriorates

 

 

When nutrients overdose

  • obesity
  • Diabetes, arteriosclerosis, colorectal cancer, prostate cancer
  • Causes of lifestyle-related diseases such as dyslipidemia (hyperlipemia)

 

Foods rich in nutrients

  • beef
  • Pork belly meat
  • egg yolk
  • heavy cream
  • goosefish liver

Summary

  • There is no shortage if you eat a normal meal
  • There is a possibility of deficiency due to dietary restriction
  • It is used for energy, cell membranes, hormones, etc in the body
  • It is stored as body fat
  • Body fat = used as energy when energy shortage
  • It is difficult to absorb fat-soluble vitamins
  • A type of fatty acid (linoleic acid or α-linolenic acid) can not be made in the body
  • Be careful of taking too much of “invisible oil” contained in sweets, meat, fish etc

 



Remarks

Nutrient list
Click for details

EnergyPantothenic acid
ProteinBiotin
Saturated fatty acids n-3 fatty acids
Dietary fiber n-6 fatty acids
LipidSodium
CarbohydratePotassium
Vitamin ACalcium
Vitamin DMagnesium
Vitamin ERin
Vitamin KZinc
Vitamin B1Copper
Vitamin B2Manganese
Vitamin B6Lodine
Vitamin B12Selenium
Vitamin CChromium
NiacinMolybdenum
Folic acidiron