Potassium(カリウム)

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Characteristics of nutrients

  • Mass minerals
  • Intracellular (potassium) and extracellular (sodium) are kept constant by osmotic pressure
  • Many of the potassium exists in the cell
  • Potassium is easily lost in the summer (runoff with sweat)

Function of nutrients

  • Suppress blood pressure rise
  • Promote excretion of waste products that are prone to accumulate in the kidney
  • Help muscle contraction

When nutrients are deficient

  • Although it will not be deficient by ordinary meals, because it flows out with a lot of sweat, urine, etc., attention is required in the summer etc.
  • Cause of hypertension, swelling
  • Vomiting, deficiency due to diarrhea (anorexia, nausea)
  • Muscle cramps etc

When nutrients overdose

  • Do not worry about excessive because it is excreted outside the body together with urine
  • When the function of the liver is declining, there is a possibility of causing hyperkalemia etc.

Food that contains a lot of Potassium

Foodstuff Ingredient per 100g (mg)
Chopped kelp 8200
Instant coffee 3600
Dried daikon radish (dried) 3500
Dried tomatoes 3200
Gyokuro 2800
Green tea 2700
Seasoned 2700
Kale juice 2300
Red beans (dried) 1300
Almond 760
Avocado 720
Bunashimeji (fried) 570

Summary

  • Maintain balance with sodium (osmotic pressure)
  • It has the effect of promoting excretion of sodium and lowering blood pressure
  • Improve muscle work
  • Because it flows with sweat and urine, be careful of deficiency in summer
  • Lack of weakness and loss of appetite
  • Even if you ingest it excessively, it is discharged in urine
  • Care must be taken because the discharge becomes difficult if renal function decreases
  • The ratio between sodium and potassium is 1: 2 ideal